Characteristics of Cystic Fibrosis
Cystic fibrosis is among the leading genetic disorders that are threatening the lives of many people across the world today. It’s a very dangerous hereditary disease that has continued to pose great dangers to the lives of infants, teenagers and adults. If proper care is not taken when someone is having the disease, several complications are bound to occur. Untimely death may even result if the disease is not discovered on time.
There are several characteristics of cystic fibrosis to note when trying to know more about it. Let’s take a look at some of them.
- Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disorder
The disease is usually transferred from parents to their children. For a child to inherit the disease, both parents must be carriers of the faulty gene that causes the disease. The defective gene is known as chromosome 7. It comes with several mutations depending on how severe the condition is. The gene usually controls the distribution of salt or sodium chloride in the human body. When it fails in its function as a result of cystic fibrosis, several complications are bound to occur. In most cases, the sodium chloride will begin to build up thereby leading to the formation of thick and sticky mucus around the tissues of the affected organ. The lungs, pancreas, liver and the intestine are the most affected organs.
- Cystic fibrosis is not contagious
This is another vital characteristic you must know about the disease. It’s not an airborne disease you can contact from another person. You can’t get the disease when you mingle with someone suffering with it. The disease is never contagious in any way. You can only inherit it from your parents especially if they are carriers of the defective genes.
- Cystic fibrosis is incurable
Don’t be deceived by anybody! Cystic fibrosis is incurable. Several researches have been carried regarding its curability. Up till now, the disease remains incurable. No medication can deal with it since it’s mainly a genetic disorder. However, the symptoms it comes with can be effectively controlled and treated to some extent. This can help you live well with the condition and still enjoy your life. It takes the help of a well trained medical professional to treat the symptoms of the disease.
- Cystic Fibrosis comes with severe symptoms
Cystic fibrosis is better known from the various symptoms it comes with. The symptoms are mainly seen around the vital organs it attacks. For instance, there are lung symptoms that come with the disease. When the condition develops thick and sticky mucus around the tissues of the lungs, breathing difficulty will occur. The individual may also suffer lung damage, lung infections, severe cough, and nasal blockage and so on. If the disease affects the pancreas, the individual may suffer diabetes especially in the case of adults. Digestive problems may also showcase. If the intestines are attacked, serious complication including abdominal pains will showcase. If cystic fibrosis attacks the liver, the organ may be damaged badly. Other symptoms of the disease include wheezing, retarded growth, infertility in men, osteoporosis, salty skin and a lot more.
Meanwhile, the symptoms of cystic fibrosis can be effectively treated and controlled. Doctors use various tests to diagnose the disease and also proffer solutions to the symptoms. The condition is usually controlled when it’s discovered on time.
The above are the basic characteristics of cystic fibrosis you must know. The disease remains a very dangerous life-threatening condition that has continued to affect many people all over the world. Knowing much about it will help you know the right steps to take in seeking for the right solution.